Friday, October 3, 2008

Conduct disorder - Information

Serious and persistent patterns of disturbed conduct and antisocial behaviour predominantly affect boys and comprise the largest group of childhood psychiatric disorders. Conduct disturbance may begin early in childhood, manifesting as oppositional, aggressive and defiant behaviour becoming established during the primary school years and amplifying after puberty. The presence of other psychological disorders is common in these children, with about 30% showing ADHD and learning problems. Clinical depression is also found in about 20% of young people with conduct disorder, and, although controversial, a prospective study suggests that this emotional disturbance is secondary to the conduct disorder.
The clinical features are shown in Box 5. This group of childhood disorders requires vigorous early intervention, assessment and management because, although about a third make a reasonable adjustment, there is evidence that at least half of the young people with serious conduct disorder will continue to experience mental health and psychosocial problems in adult life, such as personality disorder, criminality and alcoholism, and about 5% develop schizophrenia.

Depression - common behaviour

Common behaviour associated with depression includes:
a moodiness that is out of character
a increased irritability and frustration
a finding it hard to take minor personal criticisms
a spending less time with friends and family
a loss of interest in food, sex, exercise or other pleasurable activities
a being awake throughout the night
a increased alcohol and drug use
a staying home from work or school
a increased physical health complaints like fatigue or pain
a being reckless or taking unnecessary risks (e.g. driving fast or dangerously)
a slowing down of thoughts and actions.

Conduct disorder

Persistent disruptive and antisocial behaviour
Hostile, defiant, spiteful, vindictive behaviour
Aggression towards people
and animals
Vandalism, fire lighting
Truancy, lying, stealing

Acting alone (about 20%)
Acting with group (about 80%)
Hyperactive (about 30%) and with learning problems (about 50%)
Depression, low self-esteem (about 20%)
Running away from home

Family factors
Social disadvantage
Large family size
Inconsistent, hostile parenting (father's role)
Parental conflict
Foster home/institutional care
Parental mental illness and criminality
Child abuse and family violence
Antisocial peer groups

Early intervention: parenting-skills training
Creating opportunities for success in sport and recreation
Success achievement in educational programs
Behaviour treatment (social skills)
Family therapy for conflict and criticism

Sunday, September 28, 2008

Recipe: Lazy Lasagne

Lazy lasagne
500 g frozen spinach, thawed, drained
375 g reduced fat ricotta cheese
375 g reduced fat cottage cheese
1 X 500g jar pasta sauce
3 cups water
300 g lasagna sheets
1 X 440g can lentils, drained
2 teaspoons dried oregano
1 teaspoon dried basil
1 clove garlic, crushed

1. Mix spinach with cheese, herbs and lentils.
2. Alternate 3 layers of pasta sauce diluted with water, uncooked lasagne sheets and cheese mixture ending with the sauce.
3. Cover with foil and bake for 75 minutes.
Serves: 10

Recipe: Pasta with chicken & mushrooms

Pasta spirals with chicken and mushrooms
500 g spiral pasta
500 g skinless chicken breast fillets, chopped into small cubes
200 g mushrooms, quartered
5 spring onions, sliced
1 1/2 tablespoons cornflour
1 X 375 ml can reduced fat evaporated milk
1/2 cup chicken stock
freshly ground black pepper, to taste
canola or olive oil spray

1. Start cooking the spirals in a large saucepan of boiling water.
2. Spray a non-stick frypan or wok with oil and heat. Cook the chicken over high heat for about 5 minutes or until browned. Remove from the pan and set aside.
3. Reduce the heat to medium, add the mushrooms and spring onions to the pan and cook, stirring frequently, for 3 minutes or until soft.
4. Put cornflour into a small bowl and gradually add 1/3 cup milk, stirring until smooth. Pour the remaining milk and chicken stock into the pan, then gradually add the cornflour mixture, stirring constantly. Keep stirring until the sauce boils and thickens. Season to taste.
5. Stir the chicken mixture into the sauce and gently heat through. When the pasta is al denté (cooked but still firm), drain and serve topped with the sauce.
Serves: 5